Meloxicam side effects can be experienced by some of the people who use this drug, that’s why it’s good to stay informed about this. Meloxicam belongs to a group of drugs called non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and it’s used to reduce inflammation and pain in joints and muscles. You can use it in treating pains of arthritis, and other joint diseases. Meloxicam is used for:
- short-term symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis flares (destruction of articular cartilage)
- long-term treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (inflammation of the joints) and symptomatic treatment in case of ankylosing spondylitis (inflammation of the small joints of spine vertebrae, causing stiffness in the back).
Like all medicines, Meloxicam can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. So, let’s see what are the Meloxicam side effects.
Possible Meloxicam side effects
Possible side effects of Meloxicam are:
- Gastrointestinal disorders: indigestion, feeling uncomfortable, vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, flatulence, diarrhea, inflammation of the mouth, esophagus, and rarely of the stomach. If you have a history of gastrointestinal symptoms during your treatment with other NSAIDs, your treatment with Meloxicam should be carefully monitored by your doctor. A rare complication when using NSAIDs is gastric ulcer. Particular attention should be given to the possibility of ulcers during treatment in elderly patients. If such Meloxicam side effects occur, you should stop the treatment and contact your doctor.
- Skin disorders and subcutaneous tissue dosorders: itching, rash, urticaria, photosensitivity reactions (during exposure to sunlight), Steven-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis.
- Nervous system disorders: headache, vertigo, ringing in the ears, and rarely weakness mood and sleep.
- Eye disorders: rare visual disturbances may occur.
- Cardiac disorders: palpitations. Drugs such Meloxicam may be associated with a slightly increased risk of developing heart attack (“Myocardial infarction”) or stroke.
- Vascular disorders: edema (swelling due to fluid retention, usually around the ankles), increased blood pressure, and flushing.
- Other Meloxicam side effects: seizures of asthma have been reported in people allergic to Aspirin or other NSAIDs. In rare cases they may be associated with swollen eyelids and face, which disappear after stopping treatment. During treatment with Meloxicam were observed changes in blood cell counts, especially in patients who were administered other drugs, or in patients with heart, liver or kidneys disorders. Rarely found, hepatitis (liver inflammation). During treatment with Meloxicam, your doctor may request a blood or urine test to monitor your liver and kidney functions.
Tell your doctor immediately and stop using this drug if some of these Meloxicam side effects occur:
- bleeding in gastrointestinal tract
- shortness of breath
- swelling of the face, mouth or pharynx.
These serious side effects may occur rarely. If any side effects get serious, or if you notice any Meloxicam side effects that are not listed here, tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Precautions when using Meloxicam
In order to avoid Meloxicam side effects, do not use it:
- if you are allergic to Meloxicam or other substances of Meloxicam.
- if you are allergic to Aspirin or other NSAIDs
- if you suffer from gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer
- if you suffer from severe liver disease or severe renal insufficiency, if you have uncontrolled heart failure, if you have or you have suffered bleeding disorders (gastrointestinal bleeding)
- if you suffer from hereditary galactosemia
- if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you’re planning to become pregnant
- if you have bleeding
- if the patients is a child under 15 years
- If you have or have had esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus), gastritis or stomach ulcers (these conditions must be healed completely before starting treatment with Meloxicam)
- if you suffer or have suffered from gastrointestinal illness (for such patients is required careful examination of gastrointestinal disorders, particularly bleeding)
- if you use anticoagulants
- changes in the skin
Drugs such Meloxicam may be associated with a slightly increased risk of developing heart attack. Any risks are more likely at high doses and for long treatment. Do not exceed the recommended Meloxicam dosage and treatment duration. If you have heart problems, history of stroke or you think you may be at risk because of these conditions (for example if you have hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol or you are a smoker) you should discuss about taking Meloxicam with your doctor or pharmacist. In case of an insufficient therapeutic response you should not exceed the maximum recommended daily dose, neither associate to the treatment a NSAID (for example Aspirin). This leads to an increase in Meloxicam side effects and toxic lesions, while the benefits of the treatment have not been demonstrated.
Use of Meloxicam by patients with disorders of liver and kidney functions
If you have kidney problems, the use of Meloxicam or other NSAIDs can cause kidney disease. However, when you stop taking them, renal function returns to normal. This risk refers to the elderly, patients with circulatory failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, renal function or patients taking diuretics. In these patients a close monitoring is required.
Use of Meloxicam by elderly
Meloxicam side effects are barely tolerated by elderly, therefore they require a close medical supervision during treatment with this medicine. A special attention requires elderly patients who frequently have kidney, liver or heart disorders.
Use of Meloxicam for children
Meloxicam should not be used to treat children under 15.
If any Meloxicam side effects listed here become serious, or if during your treatment you notice other symptoms that are not mentioned here please tell your doctor or pharmacist.