Famoditine is a type of oral drug which prohibits acid production in the stomach. It is categorized in the drug class of histamine-2 (H2) blockers which also include nizatidine (Axid), cimetidine (Tagamet), and ranitidine (Zantac). Histamine is a natural enzyme which stimulates the parietal cells in the stomach to produce acid. Histamine-2 blockers block the activity of the chemical histamine on the parietal cells, which in turn reduce acid production. Excess amounts of acid in the stomach can harm the lining of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. This leads to damage and ulcer formation. Histamine-2 blockers reduce stomach acid production, thus preventing and healing inflammation and ulcers caused by the excess stomach acid. Famotidine is often prescribed to taken in association with NSAIDs. Just like any other medicine, famotididne may also cause side effects and these famotidine side effects can also take their toll on the health of an individual.
However, the good news is that not everyone taking this medicine experiences the adverse effects. It is a fact that majority of the users have a good tolerance for famotidine. In most of the cases, famotidine side effects are very minor which means that they do not require treatment. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved famotidine in November 1986.
Common Famotidine side effects
The use of famotidine has long been studied meticulously in clinical trials. In these trials, the famotidine side effects occurring in a number of people using the drug are being recorded and documented. The results of these tests are then compared to the results of the group of people not taking the drug. Based on these tests, the most common adverse effects of famotidine are: Dizziness in up to 1.3 percent of the group, headaches in up to 4.7 percent of the group, constipation in up to 1.2 percent of the study group and diarrhea in up to 1.7 percent of the study group.
In addition, the use of famotidine in treating infants below one year old who suffer from GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease was also conducted. It was found out that in approximately five out of thirty-five infants (approximately 14 percent) who were treated with the drug, the symptom of agitation was present.
Severe Famotidine side effects
Apart from the common side effects, there are also serious and not so common side effects of famotidine which should not be neglected. If you experience any of these, it is essential to report them to your health care provider in order to avoid grave complications later on. Some of the serious famotidine side effects are: Agitation, Confusion, Hallucinations, Arrhythmias or irregular heart rhythms, Seizures, Hepatitis or liver disorder symptoms such as Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes), Dark urine and Pain on the upper right portion of the abdomen and tightness in the chest.
Most of these conditions can be potentially life-threatening; hence you should stop taking famotidine right away and report your symptoms immediately to your health care provider. It is very important to monitor any changes that may develop in your body after taking any type of drugs, whether famotidine or something else.
Allergic reactions to Famotidine
Apart from the various side effects discussed, you can also experience signs of allergic reaction to famotidine if your body is not able to tolerate it. Signs of allergic reaction include: Itching, unusual rash, swelling of the throat or mouth, wheezing and difficulty in breathing.
Rare Famotidine side effects
Not everyone experience famotidine side effects. Only a few individuals taking the drug are affected by these. Since the symptoms of side effects do not frequently happen, it is tough to determine whether they are caused by something else or by famotidine itself. Among the rare famotidine side effects are: Fatigue, fever, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, loss of appetite, muscle cramps, muscle pain, arthritis, acne, hair loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), dry skin, changes in taste, impotence, and decreased libido or sex drive.
If you are taking the drug famotidine, it is very likely that either some or none of the famotidine side effects will occur. Moreover, it cannot be determined beforehand by your health care provider if you will experience the famotidine side effects especially if you have never taken it before. It is therefore important that you disclose your full medical history to your health care provider before undergoing any treatment. If you feel or develop any unusual signs and symptoms, report them immediately to your health care provider. It may not be directly related to your intake of famotidine, but your doctor will be able to physically assess you and provide with the correct diagnosis and subsequent treatment of the underlying problem. Be conscious of your health and get oriented with your body so that if you experience any untoward signs when taking medications, you can report them to the doctor right away.